MERI JSC (Molecular Electronics Research Institute) is a leading research center of MERI Group that is a part of the industry holding Sistema JSFC. MERI and its’ companies form the largest scientific technological complex of micro- and nanoelectronics and semiconductors development and manufacturing in Russia. 

National Payment Card System (JSC NSPK) certified the dual bank chip MIKPay.MTD.D6 developed by MERI and improved it for using in national payment cards MIR.

The development of MERI JSC, a microcontroller MIK51BC16D for bank cards, got the “Golden Chip” industry prize in the “Import Substitution” nomination.

On November 5 at the General Meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences, academician Gennady Krasnikov, the general director of MERI JSC was approved for the position of the chairman (academician secretary) of the Department of Nanotechnologies and Information Technologies RAS (ONIT)/

By order of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev four MERI’s employees including the general director of the institute – Gennady Krasnikov – were awarded the title “Laureates of Russian Government Award in Science and Engineering” for hardware component base developing in 2019.
Due to new technological and circuit solutions MERI JSC developed a new construction of a non-volatile memory cell for the national microchips mass production.  On the new cell basis a non-volatile memory unit EEPROM (Electrically Erasable and Programmable Read Only Memory) with higher capacity was designed. The EEPROM is used in crypto-protected microprocessors used in integrated systems with high requirements for security and data protection, such as national electronic identification systems, including e-IDs, electronic driver's licenses, biometric passports, residence permits or state insurance documents.  Also, MERI engineers developed a new operating system that could replace previously used various-purpose microcontrollers with universal chips with increased memory capacity.

MIK51AD144D microcontroller developed by MERI for electronic documents and smart-cards was awarded the industry prize "Golden Chip 2018" in the nomination "The best hardware component 2017-2018"

MERI JSC was rated by CRI “Electronics” (information-analytical center
of the Russian radio-electronic
industry) as a leader of Russian radio-electronic industry in terms of revenue from its scientific and research activities.

Integrated circuits developed by MERI were certified by the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation as appropriate to the first level manufacturing (countrywide developed and manufactured). The microchips are used in the Russian biometric passports, universal electronic cards, driver’s licenses, banking cards of national MIR payment system providing personal data and information security and technological independence of the state.

MERI JSC became a full member of GSA - The Global Semiconductor Alliance (https://www.gsaglobal.org/).


The general director of MERI, RAS academician Gennady Krasnikov was appointed by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin to the position of the head of priority technological division in national electronic technologies. MERI JSC became the leading company of national electronic technologies sector. This event raised the company to a new level, underlined the importance and potential of its research projects.

MERI First shipments of the MERI developed chips for the new generation of Russian E-passport (biometric passport) started. The company maintained about 40 R&D’s that formed the basis for 91 new electronic hardware devices. In December MERI finished the development of its own ICs design for 65nm feature size and worked out the first working transistors.
In February the new 90nm chips manufacturing was launched. The start of the new production line allowed the group of companies to double the annual production capacity up to 36 000 wafers with 200mm diameter. In collaboration with Federal authorized company “UEC” was developed a chip for the Universal electronic card.

On July 1, 2011 it was decided to establish an open joint-stock company Molecular Electronics Research Institute. The goal was to design unique products with 180-90nm technologies and to develop national ICs with 90-65-45nm and less topology. RAS academician Gennady Krasnikov was appointed to the position of MERI’s general director. In June 2011 the first meeting of the Russian Council of chief designers for hardware components headed by RAS academician Krasnikov and founded by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation was held.

An agreement on transferring 90nm chips production technology from STMicroelectronics to Mikron was signed.
State corporation RUSNANO and JSFC Sistema signed an agreement on launching the production of 90nm integrated circuits on 200mm substrates at MERI and Mikron JSC using the technology of STMicroelectronics. MERI and Mikron JSC confirmed that it fits the Environmental Management System (EMS) standard of ISO 14001:2004. The audit was conducted by the international company Bureau Veritas Certification.
The general director of MERI and Mikron JSC, Gennady Krasnikov was elected a full member (academician) of Russian Academy of Sciences and joined the Board of directors of the Global Semiconductor Alliance from Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA Leadership Council GSA). MERI and Mikron was the first Russian company in microelectronics to certify its production according to ISO 14001 EMS standard.
MERI and Mikron in collaboration with Russian Managers Association held the first International conference on microelectronics. MERI and Mikron became a member of Global Semiconductor Association (previously FSA). The production of 180nm size EEPROM chips was solemnly launched.
Russia achieved a great breakthrough in microelectronics and reduced technological lag behind advanced countries. Among the first projects were the VLSIs with 180nm technology designed for E-passports, social cards and contactless public transport tickets.  
An agreement on transferring the technology for 180nm chips with non-volatile EEROM production from STMicroelectronics to Mikron was signed.
The production of smart cards chips was launched. In November, MERI and Mikron JSC started working with EEPROM 180nm chips designing technology for Russian design centers. In December, the RFID transport tickets full cycle production and Moscow Metro tickets supply started.
The company was awarded with a national independent prize “Golden Chip”.  New Design Center and assembly workshop for LCD monitor components were established. Smart Card Company was founded (since 2007 - SITRONICS Smart Technologies) that is a part of SITRONICS Microelectronics.
MERI and Mikron JSC was the first manufacturer that entered the national stock market. Later it became a head of SITRONICS Microelectronics (a part of SITRONICS JSC).
MERI and Mikron JSC was awarded with Government Prize of the Russian Federation for product quality. At First Moscow International Salon of Innovations and Investments the company was awarded with 2 gold and 2 silver medals for the new technological map. The design, technology and samples of micromechanical fiber-optic switch were created.
CJSC VSP-Mikron was founded on the basis of Voronezh Semiconductors Plant.
High performance ADC and DAC ICs of 572 series were developed and implemented. More than 400 types of ICs previously manufactured by other Russian companies were adopted. A new clean room was built; production of ICs on silicon wafers with a diameter of 150 mm with feature size of 0.8 μm was started. The company achieved an international certificate of Bureau Veritas Quality International for ISO 9000 quality management system standard.
In May 1997 MERI and Mikron became a part of the Concern Scientific Center JSC holding, which started the consolidation of Russian electronics industry.
Gennady Krasnikov headed Mikron plant. The company was allowed to enter the international markets. The company started chips supply to Samsung. The clean room OZON-1 construction was finished.   
On January 13, 1994 Moscow Registration Chamber registered an Open Joint-Stock Company MERI and Mikron. BiCMOS technology and hardware components for BiCMOS ICs with self-aligned technology were developed (protected by 7 patents of the Russian Federation).
1986 - 1990
First programmable logic array ICs 556 and 1556 series were released. Manufacturing of Uncommited Logic Array (ULA) (with 0,35ns performance per gate, 1500 gates on a chip) started to provide hardware components for national supercomputer. National super-combined technology for bipolar transistors manufacturing (with 0,15ns performance per gate and high integration level) was developed. The first PAL family circuits and television ICs were mastered.  
A general-purpose CPU 1802 series was designed for high performance computers and radioelectronic devices, including digital signal processing ones. Integrated circuits were supplied for the Mars-Venus program. Manufacturing of CMOS RAM devices was launched.

On April 12, 1983 MERI and Mikron JSC was awarded with Red Banner of Labour Order for the Unified system of digital electronic computers hardware components development. 

A 17-storey administrative and laboratory building of the company was opened. Manufacturing based on national clean rooms started. ICs based on 75-100mm diameter wafers were put into production. The foundry manufactured the 100-millionth chip.
A. Nazarian was appointed the head of the company. Under his leadership started the mass computers chips manufacturing for Comecon countries, for the MS computers series and the S-300 anti-aircraft missile system. The first customer of integrated circuits and LSIs for digital systems was the Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Engineering of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The work was carried out with the participation of Academician V. Burtsev.  

Chips 155 series designed by MERI got State quality mark. At the same time the first national LSI CAD based on computers BESM-6 appeared. The company started manufacturing of logic digital ICs 100 and 500 series with performance of 2ns per gate. It provided hardware components for:

·       Supercomputer “Elbrus-2”;

·       Computers “Ryad” (meaning “series”) that were designed for the national economics tasks;

·       Unified computer system (ES EVM), used in Comecon countries;

·       Computer “Bulat”. 

4 Mikron buildings with an area of over 60 thousand square meters. Forty employees received state awards for successful fulfilling the 8th five-year plan. Including future academician K. Valiev awarded with the Order of the Labor Red Banner.  
More than 3.5 mln chips were manufactured and supplied to different industrial companies. New objectives and branches appeared at the institution. MERI became one of the world leaders in electronics. At the beginning of 1970s about 8000 people worked for MERI and Mikron.  
On February 1, 1967 by the order of USSR Minister of electronic industry the foundry Mikron as was organized as a part of MERI. MERI designed about 25 new integrated circuits annually. For the first time were designed and developed:

• Epitaxial-planar technology and facilities for ICs manufacturing;
• Digital (TTL) and analog ICs for general purposes;
• Plastic IC package and press composition;
• Silicon chips with MOS transistors manufacturing technology;
• High-performance emitter-coupled logic (ECL) chips;
• Planar technology for GaAs ICs;
• ULA VLSI design and manufacturing technology.

Cross-departmental committee headed by the academician A. Dorodnitsyn decided to develop and start mass production of computers for all areas of national economy. The development of digital integrated circuits for them was assigned to MERI.
MERI’s IC based on 2 bipolar transistors became the first microchip officially registered in USSR. At the same time an experimental workshop for chips manufacturing on silicon 25mm wafers was launched. The transistors manufacturing in the first quarter of the year reached 100,000 units.
On January 1965, K. Valiev (later an academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR) was assigned the head of MERI . At that time 183 employees worked at MERI. Most of them were located at the Elion plant.  The first line of packageless planar bipolar NPN transistor manufacturing was organized and launched at the Komponent plant. At the end of the year MERI’s own building with an area of 25 000 square meters was constructed.
Molecular Electronics Research Institute (MERI) was founded on March 9, 1964 by the order of the USSR State Committee for Electronics. The main objectives of the company were development, pilot and mass production of ICs.

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